How did the work of the first American expedition on the lunar surface begin? Immediately after the ship landed on the plain of the lunar Sea of Tranquility, the Apollo 11 commander Neil Armstrong told the Mission Control Center via radio: “Houston, here is Tranquility Base. The eagle has landed ”(Eagle,“ Eagle ”, called the lunar ship,“ landed ”meant landing on the lunar firmament,“ earth ”, and the landing point was called the Base of Tranquility after the vast lunar plain – Sea of Tranquility).
After that, the astronauts checked all the systems of the lunar module in case of an unexpected launch. Next, according to the plan, there was a dream lasting 4 hours. And here the astronauts in violation of the program asked permission to begin access to the moon immediately. It has been received. Barely touching the lunar surface with the left boot of his Continue reading
Stars whose mass is 1.5-3 times greater than that of the Sun will not be able to stop their compression at the stage of a white dwarf at the end of their lives. Powerful gravitational forces will squeeze them to such a density at which a “neutralization” of the substance takes place: the interaction of electrons with protons will lead to the fact that almost the entire mass of the star will be enclosed in neutrons. A neutron star is formed. The most massive stars can form into neutron stars after they explode like supernovae.
The concept of neutron stars is not new: the first assumption about the possibility of their existence was made by the talented astronomers Fritz Zwicky and Walter Baarde of California in 1934. (A little earlier in 1932, the possibility of the existence of neutron stars was predicted by the famous Soviet scientists L.D. Continue reading
About seven thousand years ago, a star suddenly exploded in a remote corner of outer space, dropping the outer layers of matter. A relatively large and massive star suddenly ran into a serious energy problem – its physical integrity was in jeopardy. When the boundary of stability was passed, an exciting, extremely powerful one of the most catastrophic explosions in the entire Universe broke out, giving rise to a supernova.
For six thousand years, light from this star from the constellation Taurus raced through outer space and finally reached Earth. It happened in 1054. In Europe, science was then slumbering, and among the Arabs it was experiencing a period of stagnation, but in another part of the Earth, observers noticed an object glistening majestically in the sky before sunrise. Continue reading