The history of the discovery of Pluto
In the 1840s, with the help of Newtonian mechanics, Urbain Le Verrier predicted the position of the then undetected planet Neptune based on an analysis of perturbations of the orbit…

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Is a black hole already found?
Scientists strongly believe that black holes really exist. Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity predicted the existence of such objects back in 1917, and over the past decades, astronomers have…

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The first models of the world.
Despite the high level of astronomical information of the peoples of the ancient East, their views on the structure of the world were limited to direct visual sensations. Therefore, in…

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hands of specialists

Communication satellites

Signalers were among the first to receive practical benefits from the launch of satellites. The launch of satellite transponders into near-Earth orbit made it possible to solve the problem of stable all-weather communication in most of the inhabited territory as soon as possible. The first commercial satellite was precisely the communications satellite – Echo-2, launched by the United States in 1964 and which made it possible to organize the transmission of television programs from America to Europe without the use of cable lines. At the same time, its lightning-1 communications satellite was also created in the Soviet Union. After the deployment of the ground-based network of Orbita stations, all regions of our large country gained access to Central Television, and in addition, the problem of organizing reliable and high-quality telephone communications was solved. Lightning communications satellites were located in highly elliptical orbits with Continue reading

Giant leap into space exploration

How did the work of the first American expedition on the lunar surface begin? Immediately after the ship landed on the plain of the lunar Sea of ​​Tranquility, the Apollo 11 commander Neil Armstrong told the Mission Control Center via radio: “Houston, here is Tranquility Base. The eagle has landed ”(Eagle,“ Eagle ”, called the lunar ship,“ landed ”meant landing on the lunar firmament,“ earth ”, and the landing point was called the Base of Tranquility after the vast lunar plain – Sea of ​​Tranquility).

After that, the astronauts checked all the systems of the lunar module in case of an unexpected launch. Next, according to the plan, there was a dream lasting 4 hours. And here the astronauts in violation of the program asked permission to begin access to the moon immediately. It has been received. Barely touching the lunar surface with the left boot of his Continue reading

Hubble Space Telescope

From the very beginning of astronomy, from the time of Galileo, astronomers have one common goal: to see more, to see further, to see deeper. And the Hubble Space Telescope, launched in 1990, is a huge step in that direction. The telescope is located in Earth’s orbit above the atmosphere, which could distort and not transmit radiation coming from space objects. Due to its absence, astronomers obtain the highest quality images with Hubble. It is almost impossible to overestimate the role that the telescope played for the development of astronomy – Hubble is one of the most successful and long-term projects of the NASA space agency. He sent hundreds of thousands of images to the Earth, shedding light on many secrets of astronomy. He helped determine the age of the Universe, identify quasars, prove that massive black holes are located in the center of galaxies, and even set up experiments to detect dark matter.

Hubble Hubble’s discoveries have changed the way astronomers look at the universe. The ability to see in great detail helped turn some astronomical hypotheses into facts. Many theories were discarded in order to go in one right direction. Among Hubble’s achievements, one of the main ones is the determination of Continue reading

Solar System: Composition and Features
The Sun enters the Solar System, 9 large planets together with their 34 satellites, more than 100 thousand small planets (asteroids), about 10 to the 11th degree of comets, and…

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Moon surface
The main types of geological structures on the moon are continents and seas. The dark sea surface occupies more of the visible side of the moon, and is practically absent…

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Lunar mineralogy
How did lunar craters form? This issue has led to a long discussion between supporters of two hypotheses on the origin of lunar craters: volcanic and meteorite. According to the…

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Giant leap into space exploration
How did the work of the first American expedition on the lunar surface begin? Immediately after the ship landed on the plain of the lunar Sea of ​​Tranquility, the Apollo…

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