Saturn
Saturn is the second largest among the planets of the solar system. Its equatorial diameter is only slightly smaller than that of Jupiter, but Saturn is more than three times…

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Asteroid shape and rotation
Asteroids are so small that gravity is negligible. She is not able to give them the shape of a ball, which gives the planets and their large companions, crushing and…

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Moon surface
The main types of geological structures on the moon are continents and seas. The dark sea surface occupies more of the visible side of the moon, and is practically absent…

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mathematical form

Communication satellites

Signalers were among the first to receive practical benefits from the launch of satellites. The launch of satellite transponders into near-Earth orbit made it possible to solve the problem of stable all-weather communication in most of the inhabited territory as soon as possible. The first commercial satellite was precisely the communications satellite – Echo-2, launched by the United States in 1964 and which made it possible to organize the transmission of television programs from America to Europe without the use of cable lines. At the same time, its lightning-1 communications satellite was also created in the Soviet Union. After the deployment of the ground-based network of Orbita stations, all regions of our large country gained access to Central Television, and in addition, the problem of organizing reliable and high-quality telephone communications was solved. Lightning communications satellites were located in highly elliptical orbits with Continue reading

Lunar eclipses

When, when moving around the Earth, the Moon falls into the cone of the earth’s shadow, which is cast by the globe illuminated by the Sun, a total lunar eclipse occurs. If only a part of the Moon plunges into the shadow of the Earth, then a partial eclipse occurs. A total lunar eclipse can last about 1.5 to 2 hours. It can be observed from all over the night hemisphere of the Earth, where the moon is above the horizon at the time of the eclipse. Therefore, in any area, full lunar eclipses can be observed much more often than solar ones.
During a total lunar eclipse of the moon, the lunar disk remains visible, but it usually acquires a dark red hue. This phenomenon is explained by the refraction of sunlight in the earth’s atmosphere. Passing through the earth’s atmosphere, the sun’s rays are scattered and refracted. Moreover, mainly short-wave radiation is Continue reading

NEUTRAL STARS

Stars whose mass is 1.5-3 times greater than that of the Sun will not be able to stop their compression at the stage of a white dwarf at the end of their lives. Powerful gravitational forces will squeeze them to such a density at which a “neutralization” of the substance takes place: the interaction of electrons with protons will lead to the fact that almost the entire mass of the star will be enclosed in neutrons. A neutron star is formed. The most massive stars can form into neutron stars after they explode like supernovae.
The concept of neutron stars is not new: the first assumption about the possibility of their existence was made by the talented astronomers Fritz Zwicky and Walter Baarde of California in 1934. (A little earlier in 1932, the possibility of the existence of neutron stars was predicted by the famous Soviet scientists L.D. Continue reading

Supernova stars
About seven thousand years ago, a star suddenly exploded in a remote corner of outer space, dropping the outer layers of matter. A relatively large and massive star suddenly ran…

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Moon surface
The main types of geological structures on the moon are continents and seas. The dark sea surface occupies more of the visible side of the moon, and is practically absent…

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In search of a peace system
1. Introduction. The starry sky at all times occupied the imagination of people. Why do stars light up? How many of them shine in the night? Are they far from…

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Quantum Physics and Reality
All modern cosmological theories also rely on quantum mechanics, which describes the behavior of atomic and subatomic particles. Quantum physics is fundamentally different from classical, Newtonian physics. Classical physics describes…

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