In one of his speeches, A. Einstein said (in 1929): “To be honest, we want to not only find out how it works, but also if possible to achieve the goal of a utopian and daring-looking – to understand why nature is such. “This is the Promethean element of scientific creativity.”
Galaxies have been the subject of cosmogonic research since the 1920s, when their true nature was reliably established, and it turned out that these are not nebulae, i.e. not clouds of gas and dust, which are not far from us, but huge star worlds lying from us at very great distances from us. Discoveries and research in the field of cosmology have clarified in recent decades much of what concerns the background of galaxies and stars, the physical state of discharged matter from which they formed in very distant times. The whole of modern Continue reading
In the 1840s, with the help of Newtonian mechanics, Urbain Le Verrier predicted the position of the then undetected planet Neptune based on an analysis of perturbations of the orbit of Uranus. Subsequent observations of Neptune at the end of the 19th century led astronomers to suggest that, in addition to Neptune, another planet also has an impact on the orbit of Uranus. In 1906, Percival Lowell, a wealthy resident of Boston who founded the Lowell Observatory in 1894, initiated an extensive project to find the ninth planet in the solar system, which he named Planet X. By 1909, Lowell and William Henry Pickering had suggested several possible celestial coordinates for this planet. Lowell and his observatory continued to search for the planet until his death in 1916, but to no avail. In fact, on March 19, 1915, two low-level images of Pluto were obtained at his observatory without Lowell’s knowledge, but he was not recognized on them.
Mount Wilson Observatory could also claim the discovery of Pluto in 1919. That year, Milton Humason, on behalf of William Pickering, searched for the ninth planet, and Pluto’s image fell on a photographic Continue reading
In very ancient times, people did not have a correct idea of the shape and size of our planet and what place it occupies in space. Now we know that the physical surface of the Earth, which is a combination of land and water, is geometrically very complex; it cannot be represented by any of the well-known and mathematically studied geometric figures. On the surface of the Earth, seas and oceans occupy about 71%, and land – about 29%; the highest mountains and the greatest depths of the oceans are negligible compared to the size of the entire earth. So, for example, on a globe with a diameter of 60 cm, Mount Everest with a height of approximately 8840 m appears as just a grain of 0.25 mm. Therefore, the body, limited by the surface of the oceans, in a calm state mentally continued under all continents, is taken for Continue reading
The starry sky at all times occupied the imagination of people. Why do stars light up? How many of them shine in the night? Are they far from us? Does the stellar universe have boundaries? Since ancient times, man thought about these and many other questions, sought to understand and comprehend the structure of that big world in which we live.
The earliest representations of people about him are preserved in fairy tales and legends. Centuries and millennia passed before the science of the Universe arose and received a deep substantiation and Continue reading
We have already seen that all attempts by cosmologists to squeeze the Universe into the narrow framework of their materialistic ideas have led to nothing. Moreover, their theories do not even correspond to their own ideas about the structure of the Universe. For example, the big bang theory cannot explain the existence of galaxies. Imagine a brilliant scientist who thoroughly knows all modern cosmological theories, but does not have a clue about astronomy. Can he predict the existence of galaxies? Not. Modern versions of cosmological theories predict only the appearance of a uniform cloud of gas. The density of this cloud by now should be no more than one atom per cubic meter – a little better than vacuum. To get something more, you need to adjust the initial state of the Universe, which is very difficult to Continue reading