Lunar mineralogy
How did lunar craters form? This issue has led to a long discussion between supporters of two hypotheses on the origin of lunar craters: volcanic and meteorite. According to the…

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Galaxies and metagalaxies
In one of his speeches, A. Einstein said (in 1929): “To be honest, we want to not only find out how it works, but also if possible to achieve the…

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Atmosphere of the Moon and Moon Space
Since the mass of the moon is negligible, the gas shell around it must be very rarefied, i.e. practically absent. The main components of the gas shell were hydrogen, helium,…

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Gruutuisen proposed

Achievements in space exploration

Many thousands of years ago, looking at the night sky, a man dreamed of flying to the stars. Billions of shimmering night luminaries made him carry away the thought into the boundless distances of the Universe, awakened the imagination, forced him to think about the secrets of the universe. Centuries passed, man gained ever greater power over nature, but the dream of flying to the stars remained as unrealizable as thousands of years ago. Legends and myths of all nations are full of stories about flying to the moon, the sun and the stars. The means for such flights offered by the folk fantasy were primitive: a chariot drawn by eagles, wings attached to the hands of a person.

In the 19th century, a fantastic story appeared by the writer Jules Verne “From a cannon to the moon”. The Continue reading

Hubble Space Telescope

From the very beginning of astronomy, from the time of Galileo, astronomers have one common goal: to see more, to see further, to see deeper. And the Hubble Space Telescope, launched in 1990, is a huge step in that direction. The telescope is located in Earth’s orbit above the atmosphere, which could distort and not transmit radiation coming from space objects. Due to its absence, astronomers obtain the highest quality images with Hubble. It is almost impossible to overestimate the role that the telescope played for the development of astronomy – Hubble is one of the most successful and long-term projects of the NASA space agency. He sent hundreds of thousands of images to the Earth, shedding light on many secrets of astronomy. He helped determine the age of the Universe, identify quasars, prove that massive black holes are located in the center of galaxies, and even set up experiments to detect dark matter.

Hubble Hubble’s discoveries have changed the way astronomers look at the universe. The ability to see in great detail helped turn some astronomical hypotheses into facts. Many theories were discarded in order to go in one right direction. Among Hubble’s achievements, one of the main ones is the determination of Continue reading

Lunar mineralogy

How did lunar craters form? This issue has led to a long discussion between supporters of two hypotheses on the origin of lunar craters: volcanic and meteorite.

According to the volcanic hypothesis, which was put forward by the German astronomer Johann Schröter in the 80s of the 18th century, craters arose as a result of grandiose eruptions on the lunar surface. In 1824, his compatriot Franz von Gruutuisen proposed a meteorite theory that explained the formation of craters by the fall of meteorites.

Only 113 years later, in 1937, a Russian student Kirill Stanyukovich (future doctor of science and professor) proved that when meteorites strike at cosmic velocities, an explosion occurs, as a result of which not only a meteorite is melted, but also some of the rocks at the site of the impact. The explosive theory of Stanyukovich was developed in 1947-1960. by himself, and then by other researchers. Continue reading

What about the galaxies?
We have already seen that all attempts by cosmologists to squeeze the Universe into the narrow framework of their materialistic ideas have led to nothing. Moreover, their theories do not…

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The history of the discovery of Pluto
In the 1840s, with the help of Newtonian mechanics, Urbain Le Verrier predicted the position of the then undetected planet Neptune based on an analysis of perturbations of the orbit…

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The first models of the world.
Despite the high level of astronomical information of the peoples of the ancient East, their views on the structure of the world were limited to direct visual sensations. Therefore, in…

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Galaxies and metagalaxies
In one of his speeches, A. Einstein said (in 1929): “To be honest, we want to not only find out how it works, but also if possible to achieve the…

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