Saturn
Saturn is the second largest among the planets of the solar system. Its equatorial diameter is only slightly smaller than that of Jupiter, but Saturn is more than three times…

Continue reading →

The history of the discovery of Pluto
In the 1840s, with the help of Newtonian mechanics, Urbain Le Verrier predicted the position of the then undetected planet Neptune based on an analysis of perturbations of the orbit…

Continue reading →

Communication satellites
Signalers were among the first to receive practical benefits from the launch of satellites. The launch of satellite transponders into near-Earth orbit made it possible to solve the problem of…

Continue reading →

high atmospheric

Black holes

Black holes are objects of the universe that attract the interest of many astronomers. Black holes, space objects, the existence of which is predicted by the general theory of relativity. They are formed during unlimited gravitational collapse of massive cosmic bodies (in particular, stars with masses of 40-60 M?). Gravity collapse – catastrophically fast compression of a star under the influence of gravitational forces (gravity).
The external structure of the black hole
A black hole has an external gravitational field, the properties of which are determined by mass, angular momentum and, possibly, electric charge if the collapsing star was electrically charged. At large distances, the black hole field practically does not differ from the gravitational fields of ordinary stars, and the motion of other bodies interacting with the black Continue reading

Galaxies and metagalaxies

In one of his speeches, A. Einstein said (in 1929): “To be honest, we want to not only find out how it works, but also if possible to achieve the goal of a utopian and daring-looking – to understand why nature is such. “This is the Promethean element of scientific creativity.”

Galaxies have been the subject of cosmogonic research since the 1920s, when their true nature was reliably established, and it turned out that these are not nebulae, i.e. not clouds of gas and dust, which are not far from us, but huge star worlds lying from us at very great distances from us. Discoveries and research in the field of cosmology have clarified in recent decades much of what concerns the background of galaxies and stars, the physical state of discharged matter from which they formed in very distant times. The whole of modern Continue reading

Asteroid shape and rotation

Asteroids are so small that gravity is negligible. She is not able to give them the shape of a ball, which gives the planets and their large companions, crushing and ramming their substance. An important role is played by the phenomenon of fluidity. The high mountains on Earth at the bottom “sprawl”, because the strength of the rocks is insufficient to withstand loads of many tons per 1 cm3, and the stone, without crushing, without breaking, flows, although very slowly.

On asteroids with a diameter of up to 300-400 km, due to their low weight, such a phenomenon of fluidity is completely absent, while on the largest asteroids it occurs extremely slowly, and even then only Continue reading

Solar system. Hypothesis on the origin of sunspots
In the solar system there are many different types of free celestial bodies that do not have their own orbits. Such bodies can be asteroids, meteorites, comets, as well as…

...

Giant planets
Jupiter, the fifth largest in the distance from the Sun and the largest planet in the Solar System, is 5.2 times farther from the Sun than the Earth, and spends…

...

Moon surface
The main types of geological structures on the moon are continents and seas. The dark sea surface occupies more of the visible side of the moon, and is practically absent…

...

Communication satellites
Signalers were among the first to receive practical benefits from the launch of satellites. The launch of satellite transponders into near-Earth orbit made it possible to solve the problem of…

...