Black holes are objects of the universe that attract the interest of many astronomers. Black holes, space objects, the existence of which is predicted by the general theory of relativity. They are formed during unlimited gravitational collapse of massive cosmic bodies (in particular, stars with masses of 40-60 M?). Gravity collapse – catastrophically fast compression of a star under the influence of gravitational forces (gravity).
The external structure of the black hole
A black hole has an external gravitational field, the properties of which are determined by mass, angular momentum and, possibly, electric charge if the collapsing star was electrically charged. At large distances, the black hole field practically does not differ from the gravitational fields of ordinary stars, and the motion of other bodies interacting with the black Continue reading
In the 1840s, with the help of Newtonian mechanics, Urbain Le Verrier predicted the position of the then undetected planet Neptune based on an analysis of perturbations of the orbit of Uranus. Subsequent observations of Neptune at the end of the 19th century led astronomers to suggest that, in addition to Neptune, another planet also has an impact on the orbit of Uranus. In 1906, Percival Lowell, a wealthy resident of Boston who founded the Lowell Observatory in 1894, initiated an extensive project to find the ninth planet in the solar system, which he named Planet X. By 1909, Lowell and William Henry Pickering had suggested several possible celestial coordinates for this planet. Lowell and his observatory continued to search for the planet until his death in 1916, but to no avail. In fact, on March 19, 1915, two low-level images of Pluto were obtained at his observatory without Lowell’s knowledge, but he was not recognized on them.
Mount Wilson Observatory could also claim the discovery of Pluto in 1919. That year, Milton Humason, on behalf of William Pickering, searched for the ninth planet, and Pluto’s image fell on a photographic Continue reading
We have already seen that all attempts by cosmologists to squeeze the Universe into the narrow framework of their materialistic ideas have led to nothing. Moreover, their theories do not even correspond to their own ideas about the structure of the Universe. For example, the big bang theory cannot explain the existence of galaxies. Imagine a brilliant scientist who thoroughly knows all modern cosmological theories, but does not have a clue about astronomy. Can he predict the existence of galaxies? Not. Modern versions of cosmological theories predict only the appearance of a uniform cloud of gas. The density of this cloud by now should be no more than one atom per cubic meter – a little better than vacuum. To get something more, you need to adjust the initial state of the Universe, which is very difficult to Continue reading