The starry sky at all times occupied the imagination of people. Why do stars light up? How many of them shine in the night? Are they far from us? Does the stellar universe have boundaries? Since ancient times, man thought about these and many other questions, sought to understand and comprehend the structure of that big world in which we live.
The earliest representations of people about him are preserved in fairy tales and legends. Centuries and millennia passed before the science of the Universe arose and received a deep substantiation and Continue reading
All modern cosmological theories also rely on quantum mechanics, which describes the behavior of atomic and subatomic particles. Quantum physics is fundamentally different from classical, Newtonian physics. Classical physics describes the behavior of material objects, while quantum physics focuses only on a mathematical description of the processes of observation and measurement. Material material reality disappears from its field of vision. Nobel laureate V. Heisenberg says: “It turned out that we are no longer able to separate the particle’s behavior from the observation process. As a result, we have to put up with the fact that the laws of nature, which quantum mechanics formulates in mathematical form, are not related to the behavior of elementary particles as such, but only to our knowledge of these particles. ” In quantum Continue reading
Like any scheme that claims to explain the data on the spectrum of microwave cosmic radiation, the chemical composition of pre-galactic matter and the hierarchy of the scales of cosmic structures, the standard model of the evolution of the Universe is based on a number of initial assumptions (about the properties of matter, space and time) that play the role of original conditions for the expansion of the world. One of the working hypotheses of this model is the assumption of uniformity and isotropy of the properties of the Universe throughout all stages of its evolution.
In addition, based on data on the spectrum of microwave radiation, it is natural to assume that in the Universe in the past there was a state of thermodynamic equilibrium between plasma and radiation, the temperature of which was high. Finally, Continue reading