The history of the discovery of Pluto
In the 1840s, with the help of Newtonian mechanics, Urbain Le Verrier predicted the position of the then undetected planet Neptune based on an analysis of perturbations of the orbit…

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Universe
More than anything else - the Universe itself, covering and including all planets, stars, galaxies, clusters, superclusters and cells. The range of modern telescopes reaches several billion light years. Planets,…

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Planet Venus - History of Research
Venus was known to people from ancient times. (See a brief description of this planet and interesting facts about it.) It received its modern name in honor of the Roman…

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Venus was

Giant planets

Jupiter, the fifth largest in the distance from the Sun and the largest planet in the Solar System, is 5.2 times farther from the Sun than the Earth, and spends almost 12 years in orbit. The equatorial diameter of Jupiter is 142,600 km (11 times the diameter of the Earth). The rotation period of Jupiter is the shortest of all the planets – 9h 50 min 30s at the equator and 9h 55min 40s in the middle latitudes. Thus, Jupiter, like the sun, does not rotate like a solid – the rotation speed is not the same at different latitudes. Due to the fast rotation, this planet has a strong compression at the poles. The mass of Jupiter is equal to 318 Earth masses. The average density is 1.33 g / cm3, which is close to the density of the Sun. The axis of Continue reading

Planet formation

Let us return to the satellites of our Sun, to those fragments of the nebula that broke away from the central clot under the action of centrifugal force and began to circle around it. It is here that conditions are created that facilitate the separation of light and heavy particles of the nebula. Something similar to our ancient way of extracting gold by washing out of gold-bearing sand or by sifting grain in threshers is happening. A stream of water or air carries away light particles, leaving heavy ones. Satellite clouds are at very different distances from the sun. Far it almost does not warm. But in the family – his heat evaporates everything that can evaporate. And its dazzling brightest light, working like a kind of “wind”, blows out of them everything that has evaporated, in general everything is light, leaving only that heavier that “you will not budge.” Therefore, there are almost no light gases – hydrogen and helium, the main component of the gas and dust nebula. There Continue reading

Birth of the sun

And now the nebula has acquired a completely different look. A huge dark, slightly flattened cloud rotates majestically in the middle, and around it at different distances floating in circular orbits located approximately in the same plane, small “satellite clouds” detached from it. Follow the central cloud. It continues to condense. But now a new force begins to struggle with the force of gravity – the force of gas pressure. Indeed, in the middle of the cloud, more and more particles of matter are accumulating. There arises a “terrible crowding” and an “incredible crush” of particles. They rush about, striking each other harder. In the language of physicists, temperature and pressure rise in the center. At first it gets warm, then hot. Outside, we don’t notice this: the cloud is huge and opaque. Heat does not come out. But something Continue reading

Asteroid temperature
Asteroids are through and through cold, lifeless bodies. In the distant past, their bowels could be warm and even hot due to radioactive or some other heat sources. Since then,…

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Ptolemy's system.
The formation of astronomy as an exact science began thanks to the work of the outstanding Greek scientist Hipparchus. He first began systematic astronomical observations and their comprehensive mathematical analysis,…

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Is a black hole already found?
Scientists strongly believe that black holes really exist. Albert Einstein's general theory of relativity predicted the existence of such objects back in 1917, and over the past decades, astronomers have…

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Black holes
Black holes are objects of the universe that attract the interest of many astronomers. Black holes, space objects, the existence of which is predicted by the general theory of relativity.…

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